Category Archives: Australia

Recall Cases Analysis of Apparel and Footwear — September 2016

Hoverboards problems and solutions

Just before Christmas the problems with hoverboards hit the headlines. CEM International as a notified body for the Toy Directive, Low Voltage Directive (LVD), Electromagnetic Compatibility Directive (EMC), and Machinery Directive were perfectly placed to be able to determine the cause of the problems.

Centre Testing International, our test lab had it been used would have found the boards seriously lacking and in breach of the essential safety requirements of the LVD. The problems could have been ironed out as early as the design phase.

What a pity the manufacturers did not even make use of CEM International before placing their product on the market as the problems would again have been flagged (and certification refused)to them before the product got to market.

Had we been involved either with testing then there would have been no house fire in America or Australia, no exploding boards in the USA, and no other issues. The result could have lead to the hoverboard being the hottest item last Christmas for all the right reasons.

As it is the fiasco left a nasty taste in many peoples mouths, CEM were informed by one individual who had bought a large quantity of hoverboards from China and due to contract was unable to return them even though they did not meet regulations, and reworking the product in the UK would have proved cost prohibitive we believe they were probably destroyed.

This sorry tale should remind everyone of the old adage “caveat emptor” (let the buyer beware) as the purchaser of product for sale anywhere in the world you need to be very sure that the goods meet all of the standards in their intended market.

A cautionary tale and one where use of our test lab or notified body would have saved money, time, inconvenience, expensive law suits, insurance claims, increased insurance premiums, and the hoverboard could we have been the success it should have been.

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Global recall of toys and juvenile products

From the 36th week to the 37th week of 2015 a total of 16 product recall cases happened in EU, including 15 toys, and one other type of juvenile product. The country of origin in one case is unknown, the rest all came from China.
From the 1st of September 2015 to the 17th of September a total of 2 toy recall cases happened in US, all coming from China, 1 juvenile product was also recalled which originated from Morocco. A total of 3 recall cases happened in Canada 3 toys came from China, 5 other toys were recalled in Australia for these 5 the country of origin is unknown.

RECALL CASES IN THE EU (36th week to 37th week)

Recall products Reason Violated Standard & Regulation
Toy swords and shield The shield contains di-(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP) (measured value: 0.46% by weight). This phthalate may harm the health of children, causing possible damage to the reproductive system. REACH Regulation
Plastic doll The plastic material of the doll contains di-(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP) (measured value: 2.5% by weight). This phthalate may harm the health of children, causing possible damage to the reproductive system. REACH Regulation

 

Plastic horse and carriage A small plastic part can easily detach from the wheel of the carriage. A small child may put it in the mouth and choke on it. Toy Safety Directive and European standard EN 71-1  
Plastic toy The head and tail of the dinosaur can be easily detached, generating small parts and making the small balls inside the toy accessible. A small child could put the small parts in the mouth and choke on them. Toy Safety Directive and European standard EN 71-1
Plastic educational toy The product contains small parts (the letters) which can be easily detached. A small child could put them in the mouth and choke on them. Toy Safety Directive and European standard EN 71-1
Toy scooter Small plastic parts and small bits of the stickers can easily detach. A small child may put them in the mouth and choke on them. The locking device maintaining the steering column in position may disengage while a child is riding. This may cause the child to lose control on the scooter and fall, suffering injuries.  Toy Safety Directive and European standard EN 71-1
Rattle toy The connecting sections of the rattle can break and release the small balls inside the rattle. A small child may put them in the mouth and choke on them. Toy Safety Directive and European standard EN 71-1
 Teddy bear key-ring The product contains a small part (the metal ring) that can easily detach. A child could put it in the mouth and choke on it. Toy Safety Directive and European standard EN 71-1
Rattle toy The red balls of the rattle can easily be detached from the toy, generating small parts. A small child could put them in the mouth and choke on them. Toy Safety Directive and European standard EN 71-1
Toy gun The suction cups of the bullets can be easily detached. A child could put them in the mouth and choke on them. Toy Safety Directive and European standard EN 71-1
Toy scooter The steering tube can easily break while a child is riding, which may cause injuries in the event of a fall. Also, the broken steering tube may expose the child to sharp points causing injuries. Toy Safety Directive and European standard EN 71-1
Plastic doll set The plastic material of the dolls’ faces contains di-(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP) (measured value: up to 31% by weight). This phthalate may harm the health of children, causing possible damage to the reproductive system. REACH Regulation
Toy scooter The front wheel is too small: it can easily get stuck in holes in the ground while a child is riding. This may cause the child to fall and suffer injuries. The handle bar ends are too small. If a child falls on them, this may cause injuries due to puncture in the abdomen. Toy Safety Directive and European standard EN 71-1
Toy scooter The front wheel is too small: it can easily get stuck in holes in the ground while a child is riding. This may cause the child to fall and suffer injuries. The handle bar ends are too small. If a child falls on them, this may cause injuries due to puncture in the abdomen. In addition, the product contains insufficient warnings and information for users. Toy Safety Directive and European standard EN 71-1
Toy scooter The front wheel is too small: it can easily get stuck in holes in the ground while a child is riding. This may cause the child to fall and suffer injuries. The handle bar ends are too small. If a child falls on them, this may cause injuries due to puncture in the abdomen. In addition, the product contains insufficient warnings and information for users. Toy Safety Directive and European standard EN 71-1
Wooden playpen When opening the gate, a child may put his/her fingers between the moving parts and trap its fingers. European standard EN 12227

 

RECALL CASES IN THE US (1st to 17th of September 2015)

Recall products Reason
Fishing Games The plastic worm at the end of the fishing pole line can separate, producing small parts that pose a choking hazard to children. Additionally, the small magnet inside the worm can liberate. Swallowing multiple magnets can result in serious internal injury.
Pink Giraffe Animal Purse The red paint on the zipper contains excessive levels of lead, violating the federal lead paint standard.
Moses Basket and Stand The Moses basket fails to meet the federal hand held infant carrier standard and the stand fails to meet the bassinet/cradle standard. The basket can slide off an inclined surface and the stand can tip, posing a fall hazard for infants.

 

RECALL CASES IN CANADA (1st to 17th of September 2015)

Recall products Reason
Summer Time Beach Toy Set The recalled toy product contains small parts that pose a choking hazard to small children.
SIMS Pro Model Stunt Scooter  The handlebars may not hold the front wheel securely in place, posing a fall hazard.

 

Janod Starfish Fishing Game The worm attached to the end of the fishing pole may break apart and expose small parts, posing a choking hazard.

 

RECALL CASES IN AUSTRALIA (1st to 17th of September 2015)

Recall products Reason
Megaphone Toy If small-parts are liberated during use, this poses a potential choking hazard to young children.
Stomping Elephant Toy If small-parts are liberated during use, this poses a potential choking hazard to young children.

 

Tiger & Hippo Toys If small-parts are liberated during use, this poses a potential choking hazard to young children.

 

Submarine Toy If small-parts are liberated during use, this poses a potential choking hazard to young children.

 

riginal Spy Pen and Notebook Lock Holographic with Spy Pen If young children gain access to the button batteries and ingest them, they may suffer internal burn injuries, which can result in serious illness and even death.