The current directive replaced Machinery Directive 98/37/EC and has been in force since the end of 2009.
What does it cover?
(b) interchangeable equipment;
(c) safety components;
(d) lifting accessories;
(e) chains, ropes and webbing;
(f) removable mechanical transmission devices;
(g) partly completed machinery.
What is the defintion of a machine under the directive?
— an assembly, fitted with or intended to be fitted with a drive system other than directly applied human or animal effort, consisting of linked parts or components, at least one of which moves, and which are joined together for a specific application,
— an assembly referred to in the first indent, missing only the components to connect it on site or to sources of energy and motion,
— an assembly referred to in the first and second indents, ready to be installed and able to function as it stands only if mounted on a means of transport, or installed in a building or a structure,
— assemblies of machinery referred to in the first, second and third indents or partly completed machinery referred to in point (g) which, in order to achieve the same end, are arranged and controlled so that they function as an integral whole,
— an assembly of linked parts or components, at least one of which moves and which are joined together, intended for lifting loads and whose only power source is directly applied human effort;
Note: defintions for the other categories can be found in the machinery directive pdf.
There is also a machinery directive guide which may be useful.
What needs to be in the machinery directive technical file?
Machinery Directive 2006/42/EC Annex I includes a list of items which should be considered and if applicable evidence to prove compliance should be included in the TCF this can be used to create a technical construction file template. CEM International Ltd. can upon request provide a machinery directive checklist for the technical construction file.
Depending upon the type of machiery covered by the machinery directive harmonized standards will vary for example under the machinery directive 2006/42/ec harmonized standards for a vehicle lift would be EN 1493 (Vehicle Lifts), EN 60204 (Safety of machinery — Electrical equipment of machines), and other standards. The requirements of the machinery directive emergency stop for electrically powered products are covered within EN 60204 for other sources of power for example hydraulic fluid power a different harmonised standard may apply.
For certain types of machine there will be a type C standard this is a standard written to cover a particular type of machine for other machines this type of standard may not exist. Should no type C standard exist then there are standards for eample EN 12100 (Safety of machinery — General principles for design — Risk assessment and risk reduction) which can be used as the basis for creation of the machinery directive risk assessment template for the TCF.
In each case the technical construction file (tcf) should contain a checklist based on the relevant standard to show that the product complies with each standard
Machinery intended to be used outdoors may be covered by directive 2000/14/EC (Noise Emission in the Environment by Equipment for use Outdoors) some equipment is subject to noise limits whilst other equipment is only required to be marked. CEM International Ltd can carry out noise measurements in order to prove compliance with noise limits or purely for marking purposes.
CEM International are a Notified Body number 1942 under the machinery directive we can inspect machinery to ensure compliance, check the technical construction file and also certify machinery, To aid our customers we can supply upon request checklists for many machinery standards, and also for the technical construction file.
Contact us to see how we can help.